Яншина О.В. О возрасте древнейшей керамики Южного Китая

ЯНШИНА ОКСАНА ВАДИМОВНА — к.и.н., с.н.с. отдела этнографии народов Америки, Музей антропологии и этнографии им. Петра Великого (Кунсткамера) РАН (Россия, Санкт-Петербург) e-mail: oyanshina@mail.ru

 

 Скачать  |  К содержанию #3. 2019

 

АННОТАЦИЯ. Прошло почти десять лет с тех пор, как для ранней керамики Южного Китая были получены радиоуглеродные даты, свидетельствующие о том, что она является древнейшей в мире. Такую возможность продемонстрировали исследования в пещерах Юйчаньянь и Сяньженьдун, отодвинувшие время возникновения керамической посуды в этом регионе к 21 300–19 500 кал. л.н., что на несколько тысяч лет раньше, чем в других районах Восточной Азии. Несмотря на столь существенный разрыв, но- вые датировки были практически сразу приняты научным сообществом, хотя в последнее время их кри- тические оценки все же стали появляться в литературе. В статье дается общий обзор проблем, связанных с новыми датировками, и показывается, что соглашаться с ними пока преждевременно.

КЛЮЧЕВЫЕ СЛОВА: Китай, неолитизация, ранняя керамика, хронология

 

УДК 903.02(512)
DOI 10.31250/2618-8619-2019-3(5)-142-163

 

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