Grachev I. A. Grief and Sorrow in the Funeral Ceremony of the Khakass People

IGOR A. GRACHEV Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (Kunstkamera) of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Russia, Saint Petersburg) 

E-mail: lugavka@mail.ru

 

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ABSTRACT. The materials used in the article cover a wide period from the nineteenth up to the twenty first century, which, in our opinion, allows us to determine the relationship of the described emotional categories with the traditional culture of Khakas with more accuracy. The paper deals with the psycho-emotional content of the funeral rite of Khakas and the functional mechanisms of its ritual regulation. The main attention is paid to such categories of psycho-emotional state of the participants of the rite as grief and sorrow. The article describes the main emotional experiences of the participants of the rite, as well as the ways and means of regulating these experiences. The funeral rite is considered to be, on the one hand, a deep psycho-emotional crisis for the community and, on the other hand, a way to overcome or escape from this crisis. All the participants of the ceremony are divided into two groups — those experiencing grief or sadness. In addition, attention is drawn to the dependence of the intensity of the emotional states of the ceremony participants on such factors as the age of the deceased and the degree of one’s relationship with them. 

In conclusion, it is argued that the Khakas funeral rite was, in part, aimed to order the chaotic and spontaneous psycho-emotional experiences of community members, transforming and bringing these experiences into a normalized framework of an ordered ritual. The ultimate goal of the funeral rite, from the psycho-emotional perspective, was to overcome the crisis associated with the loss of a loved one, a relative, a friend, a partner or a fellow tribesman. 

KEYWORDS: funeral ceremony, traditional culture, grief, sadness, Khakas 

УДК 159.942:393(=152.153)

DOI 10.31250/2618-8619-2018-2-46-51

 

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