Golovnev A.V. Museum Thinking: The Temptation of Discovery and Storage Instinct

Andrei V. Golovnev
Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (Kunstkamera) of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Saint Petersburg, Russia
E-mail: Andrei_golovnev@bk.ru


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ABSTRACT. Museum workers not only deal with object conservation and exposition creation, but grow into the museum so that become its faces and voices. The reverse side of museum thinking — involvement in the «cult of authenticity» and reverence for rarities — is typical of museum visitors. Observations of museum everyday life revealed the pronounced «storage instinct,» and for good reason one of the key positions in museum staff was called the “conservative.” The roots of museality could be discerned in the depths of archeology (cave paintings), rites and sanctuaries of different peoples. Its incarnation was the ancient Greek mouseions — fora of muses and their servants, including priests, sages, poets, rhetoricians. The composition of the famous Mouseion at Alexandria, destroyed by Christians, was revived in the Renaissance museums after a millennium, and then in the wundercameras and kunstkameras. Museum tradition of the Modern era came from this theater­museum with biases of imperialism, colonialism, nation­building, and ethnicity.


KEYWORDS: Museum thinking, mouseion, museality, Kunstkamera


УДК 069.1
DOI 10.31250/2618-8619-2019-3(5)-9-18



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