Lupanova E.M. “A Redundant Man Who Should Not Have Been Kept...”? Isaak Bruckner and his Sun Clock Globe in the MAE RAS (Kunstkamera)

Evgeniya M. LUPANOVA — Candidate of Historical Sciences, Senior Researcher, Department of the History of Kunstkamera and Russian Science of the 18th Century (Museum of M. V. Lomonosov), MAERA S (Russia, Saint Petersburg)
E-mail: lupanova@kunstkamera.ru

 

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ABSTRACT. The article deals with the unique museum object found at the exhibition “The first astronomic observatory”, which is the sun-clock globe constructed by Isaak Bruckner. It looks into the history of the artifact, provides its description (map, principles of installation and exploitation), compares it with similar objects from other museums and describes the roles of other persons who participated in the creation of these instruments. The article is written with a special focus on the biography and artistic life of the master who worked in the Instrumental Department of Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences between 1733 and 1745. Bruckner is described as an ambiguous artistic personality who demonstrated his talent in different fields. He worked with scientific instruments, engaged in pedagogical and expert activities, cartography, gold work, designing mills and bridges and publishing academic works. The master played an ambiguous role in the history of Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences: on the one hand, he contributed to the development of all the listed fields, on the other, some of his projects (including rather expensive ones) were poorly organized, and the results of Bruckner’s work in Saint Petersburg were evaluated by the academicians in an extremely negative way: “a redundant man who should not have been kept”. Also, in 1749 in Berlin there was published a collection of maps which included the results of the Second Kamchatka Expedition brought from Russia by Bruckner, the results which were supposed to be kept in secret as information valuable for the state.

KEYWORDS: Kunstkamera, Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences, scientific instruments, clock, globe, invention, royal gifts

 

УДК 069.5(470.23-25)
DOI 10.31250/2618-8619-2019-3(5)-76-84

 

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