Davydova E. A., Davydov V. N. The Paths of Food: Mobility and Distribution of Foodstuffs in Chukotka

Elena A. Davydova
Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (Kunstkamera) of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Saint Petersburg, Russia
E-mail: elenav0202@gmail.com

Vladimir N. Davydov
Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (Kunstkamera) of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Saint Petersburg, Russia
E-mail: davydov.kunstkamera@gmail.com


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ABSTRACT. The focus of this article is on the practices of foodstuffs mobility and distribution in the Iul’tinskii District of the Chukotka Autonomous Region. The problem of supply is poignant in remote and hardly accessible Arctic settlements. Local people extensively use alternative strategies for the acquisition and accumulation of food resources and maintaining a sense of food security via local micro-networks for food redistribution and the use of technologies for self-production of foodstuffs, as well as their processing and storage. The authors consider the cycle of food redistribution existing between tundra camps, reindeer herding and coastal villages and the raion center. The article analyzes the impact that a number of infrastructure projects implemented in Chukotka have had on the food practices. These projects include the construction of Iul’tinskaia road, a reindeer-slaughter center, apartment buildings and cottages in villages. The emergence of new facilities has affected the perceptions of food resources by the local people. The creation of new opportunities for transportation, supply and storage of food has allowed them to change their strategies for handling resources, while affecting the physical qualities of food products. Various state projects and commercial initiatives shape people’s nutritional needs, but at the same time they can either hinder or contribute to their satisfaction. The relations between these projects and the needs of people have both intersection points and ‘gaps’ which require active regulation by the local community.


KEYWORDS: Arctic, Chukotka, Iul’tinskii District, Amguema tundra, reindeer herders, food, supplies, resources, infrastructure, mobility, food security


УДК 397.4(571.511)
DOI 10.31250/2618-8619-2020-1(7)-67-73



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