Gramatchikova N. The “Twin Myth” of Lake Numto: Kazym Uprising in Fiction and Ego-Documents

Natalia Gramatchikova
Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences;Ural Humanitarian Institute of the Ural Federal University
Ekaterinburg, Russian Federation
ORCID: 0000-0002-2585-7399
E-mail: n.gramatchikova@gmail.com

 

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ABSTRACT. The article is devoted to the analysis of the collective memory of a tragic event. Following Jeffrey K. Olick, I understand it as a dynamic social process with a deep interconnection between individual and collective versions. A comparative analysis of the official Soviet and post-Soviet narratives about the Kazym uprising (1932–1934) in fictional and documentary prose reveals a mirror image of the core items. Essays by M. E. Budarin entitled Legends about the Chekists (1960–1980) contribute to the formation of the collective professional memory of the “winners”. The novel The Mother of God in the Bloody Snows by E. Aipin (1996–1999), positioned by the author as the voice of memory of the rebel northerners, is a post-Soviet and post-colonial rewriting of most of the main images, motives and oppositions of the “Chekist Epic”. The article analyzes these mainstream texts, where counter-narratives of the “memory wars” develop, as mythologized versions of the “twin myth”. The author considers the ego-documents of the 1930s, i.a. the memoirs of L. N. Astrakhantseva, the widow of a communist who was killed at Numto, as a resource that increases the variety of interpretation models for this event. These memories of 1934 expand our knowledge about the actors of that time in the field of family history, as well as raise the problem of victims among the “winners”. All of this complicates the modern vision of the history of the Soviet “development” of the North.

 

KEYWORDS: collective memory, ego-documents, memories, Kazym uprising, E. Aipin, M. Budarin, L. Astrakhantseva

 

DOI 10.31250/2618-8619-2021-1(11)-130-146
УДК 316.7

 

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