Asanova S. Political Rhetorics of Russian-Kashgar Relations in the Context of Diplomatic Correspondence in the 1870s

Svetlana Asanova
“MISiS” National Research Technological University, Almalyk Branch
Almalyk, Uzbekistan
ORCID: 0000-0001-5368-6681
E-mail: asa_svetlana@mail.ru

 

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ABSTRACT. The article discusses the transformation of diplomatic correspondence between Russian officials and Yakub-bek, the ruler of Yettishar, in 1868–1877, and also that with his heirs after his death. Lacking a firm foreign policy, Yakub-bek was maneuvering between Turkey, Russia, and England. Under these conditions, Russian diplomacy developed a special form of negotiation and diplomatic correspondence, so that Yakub-bek would realize the benefits of friendship with Russia. The rhetorics of official correspondence changed depending on the political context. The author draws on the correspondence between Turkestan Governor-General K. P. Kaufman and Yakub-bek of Yettishar, between Yakub-bek and the emperor Alexander II, and that of Russian officials of different levels, both among themselves and with Yakub-bek and his sons, the letters being stored in the National Archives of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The article analyzes letters from the storages I-1 “Kantseliariia turkestanskogo general-gubernatora” and I-276 “Kantseliariia voennogo gubernatora Ferganskoĭ oblasti”. The correspondence is considered as a historical source on the Russian-Kashgar practical diplomacy. The author traces the transformation of linguistic techniques depending on the historical context: before and after signing a trade agreement (1868–1872), during the period of solving the border issue (1876–1877), and after the death of Yakub-bek (1877–1881). 

 

KEYWORDS: Yettishar, correspondence, Turkestan governor-general, ruler of Kashgar, Yakub-bek, diplomacy

 

DOI 10.31250/2618-8619-2021-4(14)-08-18
УДК 327(091)

 

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