Ladygina O. Visual Culture Codes in the Mosaic Panels of Dushanbe
Interstate Educational Institution of Higher Education “Russian-Tajik (Slavic) University”
ABSTRACT. Mosaic panels are remarkable examples of modern public art. Created by monumental artists, these panels, together with architecture, represent a unique phenomenon of the synthesis of spatial art forms and enhance the ideological and artistic significance of buildings. As a distinctive decoration of the urban space, mosaics enliven ordinary unattractive buildings. Drawing on the descriptions of several mosaic panels of Dushanbe, the author analyzes the language of symbols and allegories, which allows artists to create an aesthetically meaningful, holistic spatial environment through the use of color, shape, and artistic imagery, fulfilling the humanistic task of promoting human self-affirmation. The article includes materials prepared by the author within the framework of the project “Mosaic Tajikistan”, which was initiated by the Bactria Cultural Center in Dushanbe in 2019. The author argues that mosaic panels are unique museum exhibits, since they represent unique objects of not only aesthetic pleasure, but also of academic research helping to delve into history and determine the visual codes of the era and the culture..
KEYWORDS: mosaic panels, artistic imagery, Dushanbe, national features, plot, symbol, decorativeness, socialist realism
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